Valsartan is an oral medication that belongs to a class of drugs called angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). It is orally active and specific angiotensin II antagonist acting on the AT1 subtype. Angiotensin’s attachment to the receptors cause the blood vessels to narrow (vasoconstrict) which leads to an increase in blood pressure (hypertension). Valsartan blocks the angiotensin II receptor. By blocking the action of angiotensin, Valsartan dilates blood vessels and reduces blood pressure without affecting pulse rate. Valsartan has much greater affinity (about 20,000-fold) for the AT1 receptor than for the AT2 receptor. It does not bind or block other hormone receptors or ion channels known to be important in cardiovascular regulation.
Dosage & Administration
Hypertension: A patient whose blood pressure is not controlled with Valsartan and Hydrochlorothiazide monotherapy, should switch to Valsartan and Hydrochlorothiazide combination once daily. Highest allowed dose of Valsartan should not be greater than 320 mg in combination with hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg.
For Elderly: No initial dosage adjustment is necessary for elderly patients.
Pediatric use: Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.