Misoprostol is a synthetic prostaglandin E1 analogue. It protects the GI mucosa by inhibiting basal, stimulated and nocturnal acid secretion and by reducing the volume of gastric secretions and increasing bicarbonate and mucus secretion. It also induces contractions of smooth muscle fibres of the myometrium and relaxation of the cervix uteri.
Dosage & Administration
Rheumatoid arthritis: The recommended dosage is Diclofenac Sodium 50 mg & Misoprostol 200 µg tid or qid. For patients who experience intolerance, Diclofenac Sodium 75 mg & Misoprostol 200 µg bid or Diclofenac Sodium 50 mg & Misoprostol 200 µg bid can be used.
Digoxin: Elevated digoxin levels have been reported in patients receiving digoxin and Diclofenac Sodium. Antihypertensives: NSAIDs can inhibit the activity of antihypertensives, including ACE inhibitors.
Warfarin: The effects of warfarin and NSAIDs on GI bleeding are synergistic, such that users of both drugs together have a risk of serious bleeding greater than users of either drug alone.
Oral hypoglycaemics: Diclofenac Sodium does not alter glucose metabolism in healthy people nor it alters the effects of oral hypoglycaemics. Diclofenac Sodium may alter diabetic patient’s response to insulin or oral hypoglycaemics.
Antacids: Antacids reduce the bioavailability of Misoprostol. Antacids may also delay absorption of Diclofenac Sodium.
Diuretics: The Diclofenac Sodium component like other NSAIDs, can inhibit the activity of diuretics. Concomitant therapy with potassium-sparing diuretics may be associated with increased serum potassium levels.